A next-generation proteome array for Schistosoma mansoni

de Assis RR, Ludolf F, Nakajima R, Jasinskas A, Oliveira GC, Felgner PL, Gaze ST, Loukas A, LoVerde PT, Bethony JM, Correa-Oliveira R, Calzavara-Silva CE

A proteome microarray consisting of 992 Schistosoma mansoni proteins was produced and screened with sera to determine antibody signatures indicative of the clinical stages of schistosomiasis and the identification of subunit vaccine candidates. Herein, we describe the methods used to derive the gene list for this array (representing approximately 10% of the predicted S. mansoni proteome). We also probed a pilot version of the microarray with sera from individuals either acutely or chronically infected with S. mansoni from endemic areas in Brazil and sera from individuals resident outside the endemic area (USA) to determine if the array is functional and informative.